Horizon Tile & Flooring has been installing all different types of tile surfaces in Valley homes for years. Our team of experienced professionals maintains a deep understanding of the tile installation process and it shows in the results you’ll see in materials like marble tile, slate tile, granite tile, ceramic tile and many others. Call us for a free estimate, and before you know it you’ll be enjoying a new tile floor that looks fantastic and adds real value to your home.
At Horizon Tile & Flooring, we’re happy to share our knowledge to help with your DIY project. We hope this information saves you time and money, and please don’t hesitate to contact us should you decide it’s time for an experienced professional on the job.
Chip board, cushioned vinyl flooring, particle boards of any type, luan plywood, OSB (Oriented Strand Board), tongue & groove planking, and hardwood floors are unsuitable substrates to directly install ceramic tile over. Although it can be done successfully, many experts believe that ceramic tile installed directly to plywood surfaces should be avoided whenever possible. Plywood has a smooth surface and tends to swell, warp, and delaminate when it is exposed to moisture. Install at your own risk. Subfloor construction should consist of a double layered, 1-1/8″ thick, exterior grade plywood installed over floor joists spaced a maximum of 16″ on center.
Face grains of first plywood layer should be installed perpendicular to joists for maximum stiffness and staggered with a 1/8″ wide gap between each sheet. Install plywood panel edges 1/4″ away from restraining surfaces, including perimeter walls, cabinetry, and door jambs. These are expansion gaps and should not be bridged with setting material. In addition, subfloor deflection should not exceed L/360 of span. To prevent moisture from damaging the plywood substrate we recommend that a waterproofing membrane be installed per the manufacturer’s instructions over all plywood surfaces to be tiled. Install ceramic tile using a latex modified thinset mortar approved for use over plywood substrates.
Installing ceramic tile directly to vinyl or linoleum surfaces should be avoided whenever possible. Install at your own risk. If you are concerned that your vinyl or linoleum flooring may contain asbestos fibers we recommend that you have it tested before attempting to remove it. For more information on asbestos, please refer to Asbestos In Your Home provided by the EPA. In any case, vinyl or linoleum flooring must be a non-cushioned type and securely attached to the subfloor.
Subfloor construction should consist of double layered, 1-1/8″ thick, exterior grade plywood installed over floor joists spaced a maximum of 16″ on center. The maximum allowable concentrated deflection of the subfloor may not exceed L/360 of the span. If the floor covering does not contain asbestos fibers we recommend that the surface be scarified or sanded to provide a rougher surface for the thinset mortar to bond to. Install ceramic tile using a latex modified thinset mortar approved by the manufacturer for installation over vinyl and linoleum surfaces.
Concrete substrates must be thoroughly cleaned prior to the installation of tile. To remove dust, we mop cement slab using clean water only and allow to dry completely. Very smooth concrete may be roughened up or etched using an acid based solution designed specifically for this purpose.
It’s always important to make sure to fill in and float off any dips, humps, or waves on the concrete foundation using a floor leveler. For dips, this product may be used to fill the cavity and screed off using a level or straight edge.
For humps, you must apply the floor leveler around the base of the protrusion. Then, using the top of the hump as a guide, screed the floor around the base of the hump in a circular motion. This will help to lessen the impact the protrusion will have on your finished floor.
Please contact Horizon Tile & Flooring for a free quote or with any questions you might have. Continue browsing to learn more about us and all that we do.
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